Local SEELRC Resources

(These entries are also included later in the Language Resources section.)

Polish Reference Grammar The Polish Reference Grammar, by Professor Ronald F. Feldstein, Indiana University, is part of a set of SEELRC reference grammars designed for advanced-level language users and linguists to compare semantic categories across languages. Completed are comparative grammars in BCS, Czech, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, and Russian. Others are under development.

Polish Language Fonts

Dr. Berlin's Foreign Font Archive "Your One-Stop Cyber-Resource for Foreign Language Typefaces and Keyboard Utilities. The fonts available from this Web site have been collected from many sources and are intended by the authors to be distributed either as shareware (please register with the original authors!), freeware, or they have been placed in the public domain by the authors."

Yamada Language Center Font Archive YLC at the University of Oregon provides non-English Font Archive, Font Help Pages, as well as links to Other Font Collections.


Polish National Anthem & Flag

Map of Poland and Quick Facts, More Maps, More Maps

Language Profile - Polish, Poland - Ethnologue

Polish Photo Album , More, Polish Images

Famous Poles, More, More

Polish Cuisine, More

Poland in Sound, Noise and Pictures

Polish Music, More


Search Engine Colossus - Poland Links to primary Polish language search engines and gateways.

Russian and East European Network Information Center (REENIC) - Poland This link to the Russian and East European Network Information Center website at the University of Texas, Austin, has been preset to connect you directly to resources related to Poland.

REESWeb - Search Poland Do a "search keyword" for "Poland" in the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Russian and East European Studies website database. Strong in links throughout Eastern and Central Europe as well as with the NIS.

Library of Congress Portals to the World - Poland Resources from regional studies experts at the Library of Congress.

British Library Slavonic and East European Collections - Polish Internet Resources One of the largest Internet resource sites for Slavonic studies in the UK.

School of Slavonic and East European Studies University College, London - Internet Resources on Poland Extensive list of links on topics ranging from Government to Libraries and Archives.

Yahoo -- Regional, Countries Links - Poland Excellent Yahoo search engine links for countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.

Slavophilia.com - Poland Includes links to Arts, Education, Reference, Philology, Travel, etc.

Poland.pl An expansive and interesting site in English and Polish many links and resources Katalog Polskich Stron In Polish. Links to news, government, history, geography, culture, science, tourism, the economy, Polish cities and much more.

Emulti.pl Popular Polish language search engine not listed by Search Engine Colossus - Poland.

Poland on the Web Annotated links to Poland-related information a service of the Polish Academic Information Center, University of Buffalo, SUNY.

Open Directory Project - Poland The Open Directory Project is the largest, most comprehensive human-edited directory of the Web. It is constructed and maintained by a vast, global community of volunteer editors.

Google.com Search - Preset for Polish The Google search engine has been preset for you to search the Internet using the Polish language. Also ideal for target language lexical and contextual searches and other language-oriented uses. Requires Polish fonts. (Also included in Language Materials links below.)

Language Materials

Polish Writing System Basic introduction to Polish alphabet with collections of links to audio files and language related websites.

University of Oregon Yamada Language Center - Polish List of online resources available for Polish language. Updated regularly.

BBC Languages across Europe - Polish Description of language with list of basic phrases with audio.

Polish Language Website By Professor Oscar Swan, University of Pittsburgh, a first-year online website with additional materials, e.g., Polish-English Dictionary, Polish Reference Grammar, etc.

Polish Reference Grammar The Polish Reference Grammar, Professor Ronald F. Feldstein, Indiana University., is part of a set of SEELRC reference grammars designed for advanced-level language users and linguists to compare semantic categories across languages. Completed are comparative grammars in BCS, Czech, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, and Russian. Others are under development.

Polish Proficiency Test This online test is produced by Transparent Languages. It consists of grammar, vocabulary and reading comprehension questions. No corrections or mentoring; just an evaluation.

Elementary Polish By Frank Y. Gladney, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. An excellent online beginner's course. Grammar, exercises, vocabulary. Must be printed and worked in hard-copy.

Polish Language Course By Piotr Pikuta. A work in progress, but already very useful! "The lessons consist of grammar and vocabulary presented in such a way that you will memorize it while reading the lessons (I hope). Each lesson contains: short passages or dialogues presenting new grammatical facts a dialogue or a few lines of text where you will find new vocabulary, a list of new words, grammatical notes, exercise and keys." Audio files included.

Polish Online Reading Materials - Literature Online anthology of Polish poetic texts with English translations.

Virtual Library of Polish Literature A massive collection of e-texts covering the span of Polish literature, part of UNESCO’s "Publica" series

Languages on the Web - Polish Large collection of links to language and language related sites.

NATO Online Library - Polish Language Module Includes in Polish: NATO Handbook, translations of NATO fact sheets.

Google.com Search - Preset for Polish The Google search engine has been preset for you to search the Internet using the Polish language. Also ideal for target language lexical and contextual searches and other language-oriented uses. Requires Polish fonts.

Online Dictionaries

YourDictionary.com - Polish Although offerings for Polish are scant, this site is always being updated with latest resources, so stay tuned.

English-Polish-Urkainian-Belarusian-Russian Online Dictionary Easy to set and work with; this may be one of the best English-Polish-English dictionary currently online.

Polish-English-Polish Online Dictionary Translates words, phrase and sentences (the latter not too successfully). Very good on word level.

English-Polish-English Computing Dictionary Computer term dictionary under development.

Online Media and News

Kidon Media-Link: Poland The Polish selections of this Media-Link Megasite connect you with radio and television stations, newspapers and magazines.

OnlineNewspapers.com - Poland Solid selection of online newspapers in Polish and English.

Voice of America - Polish Voice of America news broadcasting monthly publication in target language.

BBC Polska.com BBC news broadcasts in Polish.

TvRadioWorld - Poland About: "TvRadioWorld is an informational directory dealing with radio and television broadcasters worldwide." Site allows you to bookmark favorite radio stations for listening.

PAP.com Website of Polish News Agency.

Yahoo! News - Poland Latest news in English from a variety of news sources.

SCOLA - Global Foreign Language Portal SCOLA ia a leader in foreign language television news broadcasts. Schedule of broadcasts, insta-classes in some languages, and other useful information.

History and Culture

WWW Virtual Library - Polish History Index Large index to sites related to Poland and Polish history.

History of Poland Excellent encyclopedia article on Polish history from beginnings to present day with hyperlinks to important places and personalities.

The History of Poland, by Mieczyslaw Kasprzyk Concise full overview of Polish history from beginnings to 1990.

A Brief History of Poland This 14 part history of Poland is not "brief" for an online site. Covers history from beginnings to present day.

Polish Culture Site Map A very rich and deep collection of links to Polish culture and history sites. Worth exploring.

Poland in the Classroom By the Polish Academic Information Center at the State University of New York at Buffalo: "The 'For the Student' component seeks to address the interests and needs of high school and college students by providing textual and graphic material on selected topics. In contrast, the 'For the Children' component provides ready-made instructional material suitable for use with children in the elementary grades. For other sources of the desired information please visit the Center's 'Poland on the Web'; an information clearinghouse which provides annotated links to postings about Poland."

Government and Politics

Governments on the WWW - Poland Includes links to National Institutions and Government sites including President and most Ministries; Embassies in foreign countries, Political Parties, etc.

Political Resources on the Net - Poland Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.

CountryWatch.com - Poland "CountryWatch is a world leader in providing country specific geopolitical intelligence on each of the 192 countries of the world." Basic information is free; deeper resources require subscription.

Foreign and International Law - Poland From the Washburn University School of Law Library, links to country sites for Constitutional Law, Government and Politics, Law and Legislation, Legislative Bodies, etc.

Country Studies

Poland - A Country Study Exceptionally detailed presentation from the Library of Congress. Includes sections on: Geography, Society, Economy, Government and Politics, Very Detailed History and Historical Development, Contemporary Trends, etc.

CIA World Factbook - Poland Good resource site for information on Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications, Transportation, Military, and Transnational Issues.

BBC News Country Profiles - Poland Full profiles provide an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of countries; also biographic sketches of leaders, essay on media, and historic timelines. They also include audio and video clips from the BBC archives.

Country Analyses

U.S. Department of State Background Notes - Poland Background Notes are updated/revised as they are received from regional bureaus and are added to the database of the Department of State web site. Categories include: Geography, People, History, Government, Political Conditions, Economy, Defense, Foreign Relations, U.S. Relations, and Travel/Business.

International Monetary Fund - Republic of Poland Latest developments in Peace and Security, Economic Development, Humanitarian Aid/Refugees, Environment/Shelter, Human Rights, Women/Children/Population, Health/Poverty/Food Security, Culture/Education.

The World Bank Group - Poland The World Bank's mission in Poland is to promote job creation through private sector led growth, support the education and training of Poland's people, and protect the poorest and most vulnerable in society.

The World Trade Organization "The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business." Includes detailed information on

Members and Observers - Poland (Member)

Energy Information Administration Country Analysis Briefs - Visegrad Group "The Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by Congress in 1977, the a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. We provide policy-independent data, forecasts, and analysis to promote sound policy making efficient markets and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and environment."

World Health Organization - Poland "About WHO" The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialized agency for health, was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - Poland The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is the world's largest humanitarian organisation, with 178 member National Societies.

Amnesty International - Poland Amnesty International is a champion defender of human rights worldwide. Familiarity with a given country's human rights issues can provide a unique insight into many other aspects of its culture and politics.

Human Rights Watch - Poland Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

Women's/Gender Studies Association of Countries in Transition - Poland The main objectives of the Association are: to exchange knowledge and ideas in Women's Studies, to develop Women's Studies professionals, to monitor the status of women in profession, to share curricula, to share/compare research, to encourage exchange programs, and to start newsletter

International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights The International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights is a self-governing group of non-governmental, not-for-profit organizations that act to protect human rights throughout Europe, North America, and the Central Asian republics formed from the territories of the former Soviet Union. A primary specific goal is to monitor compliance with the human rights provisions of the Helsinki Final Act and its Follow-up Documents.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - Polish Language Module The NATO homepage is an excellent resource for information on member and affiliate nations and their policies and activities in the world at large.

Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Destinations - Poland The people at the offbeat Lonely Planet website are not your typical travel guides -- they're very bright and know what they're talking about. Their goal is not to "sell the country" to travelers. Instead, they tell it how it is. Typical headings include: "Warnings" (in case travel is not recommended - the "why's"); Facts for the Traveler, When to Go, Events, Money and Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities, History, Culture, Environment, Getting There and Away, Getting Around, and Further Reading and Related Weblinks.

Columbus Guides - Poland Just about everything you need to know: Survival Guide, Places to Go, Embassies and Visa, Lodging, Food, Money, etc.

Yahoo Travel Guide - Poland Includes links to history, basics, transportation, dining, shopping and climate.

Professional Organizations and Library Consortia

Kosciuszko Foundation An American Center for Polish Culture: Promoting educational and cultural exchanges between the US and Poland; Polish culture and history.

American Association for Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages (AATSEEL) From About: "The American Association of Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages (AATSEEL), founded in 1941, exists to advance the study and promote the teaching of Slavic and East European languages, literatures, and cultures on all educational levels, elementary through graduate school. While the largest proportion of its activities and members concentrate in the area of Russian, AATSEEL has from the beginning stressed that it embraces all Slavic and East European languages, literatures, linguistics and cultures."

American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies (AAASS) From About: "The American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies (AAASS) is a nonprofit, nonpolitical, scholarly society which is the leading private organization dedicated to the advancement of knowledge about Russia, Central Eurasia, and Eastern and Central Europe."

Canadian Association of Slavists ~ Canadian Slavonic Papers "The Canadian Association of Slavists is an organization of teachers and scholars in the field of Slavic and related studies in Canada for the purpose of improving and advancing such studies."

British Association for Slavonic and East European Studies BASEES, according to its constitution, exists to "advance education for the public benefit in the United Kingdom in the humanities and the social sciences as they relate to the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe".

Slavic and East European Folklore Association "SEEFA is a non-profit organization devoted to an exchange of knowledge among scholars interested in Slavic and East European folklore. It seeks to promote instruction, to organize panels at national and international conferences, to encourage the preparation of teaching materials and translations, and to foster exchanges, summer programs, and research in Slavic and East European Folklore and related fields such as anthropology, ethnic studies, history, literature, and musicology."

Association for Women in Slavic Studies "The Association of Women in Slavic Studies is a networking resource for people concerned with the problems, status, and achievements of women in the profession. It also attempts to cover research and teaching in women's studies and questions of gender and family life in Central/Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union."

Polish Archives on the Net Links to primary in-country online Polish archival sites.

East Coast Consortium of Slavic Library Collections "The East Coast Consortium of Slavic Library Collections was established in 1993 to better coordinate activities among major Eurasian area studies collections in the Eastern United States. The Consortium presently numbers ten member institutions: Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Duke, Harvard, The New York Public Library, New York University, Princeton, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Yale."

Pacific Coast Slavic and East European Library Consortium (PACSLAV) "The Pacific Coast Slavic and East European Library Consortium (PACSLAV) was formed to promote the development of Slavic Studies resources in this region of the United States and Canada. The services provided by the Consortium are for the use an d benefit of the faculty, students, and staff of its member institutions."

Council for Slavonic and East European Library and Information Services "The most important function of COSEELIS is to represent the interests of UK libraries and other information organisations offering services in the field of Slavonic and East European studies."

Collaborative Collection Management Project for Russian and East European Studies "We offer: — For researchers in Russian and East European Studies, the only nationwide database on relevant library collections and journal holdings in the UK."

International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX) IREX is the premier US nonprofit organization specializing in higher education, independent media, Internet development, and civil society programs in the United States, Europe, Eurasia, the Near East, and Asia.

Universities and Centers of Study

U.S. Institutions Teaching Polish From Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) at the University of Minnesota. List of primary US universities offering instruction in the Polish language.

Polish Colleges and Universities Large list of links to major institutions of higher learning.

EuroEducation.net - Poland Description of Polish education system, K-12 and universities.