Headings

Introductions

Turkish National Anthem & Flag

Map of Turkey and Quick Facts, More Maps

Turkish Images

Turkish Music

Megasites

Search Engine Colossus - Turkey Links to primary Turkish language search engines and gateways.

WWW Virtual Library - Turkey From the Middle East and Jewish Studies Center at Columbia University, a part of the WWW Virtual Library system, this website provides numerous links to language and country related sites.

National Middle East Language Resource Center NMELRC at Brigham Young University, "seeks to coordinate efforts aimed at increasing and improving opportunities for learning the languages of the Middle East. The center undertakes and supports projects in areas such as teacher training, materials development, testing and assessment, integration of pedagogy and technology, study abroad, and K-12 programs. It works across Middle East languages to foster cooperation and joint utilization of expertise and resources."

Library of Congress Portals to the World - Turkey Created and maintained by the LoC Area Studies Directorate.

Turkey Web In-country link for English language resources.

Turkarama Large Turkish language portal linking to variety of sites.

Open Directory Project - Turkey The Open Directory Project is the largest, most comprehensive human-edited directory of the Web. It is constructed and maintained by a vast, global community of volunteer editors. Google.com Search - Preset for Turkish The Google search engine has been preset for you to search the Internet using the Turkish language. Also ideal for target language lexical and contextual searches and other language-oriented uses. Requires Turkish fonts. (Also included in Language Materials links below.)

Language Materials

Turkish Writing System Basic introduction to Turkish alphabet with collections of links to audio files and language related websites.

BBC Languages across Europe - Turkish Description of language with list of basic phrases with audio.

I Love Languages.com - Turkish An extensive collection of links to language and cultural websites.

LanguagesOnTheWeb.com - Turkish Large list of links to Turkish language and country/culture sites. Not all functional and not all freeshare.

Turkish Teachionary Presents vocabulary, phrases and expressions in game format: you listen to speaker and guess term. Very good basic language comprehension materials.

Turkish Language and Literature Columbia University offers this extensive Internet resources page which includes much more than the modest title, "Language and Literature," suggests.

Ankara University - Tomar Language Center "Ankara University TOMER was founded in 1984 to teach Turkish to foreigners and Turks living abroad. It took cultural centers such as The British Council, The Goethe Institute, Cervantes and Française as examples. Its objective is to teach Turkish and foreign languages in and out of Turkey in order to promote the Turkish language and the culture in the world, to prepare programmes and to develop methods on teaching Turkish as a mother tongue and to establish co-operation with foundations in and out of Turkey."

Turkish Language From the Computer Aided Language Instruction Group, the University of Arizona, this basic course consists of 10 online lessons.

Turkish Electronic Living Lexicon Project by Linguistics Department at the University of California, Berkeley, "TELL is a database of 30,000 Turkish words representing both print dictionaries and actual speaker knowledge. TELL was constructed from a master list composed of the following: 17,000 headwords from the 2d edition of the Oxford Turkish-English dictionary, 20,000 headwords from the 3d edition of the Oxford Turkish English-dictionary, 175 place names from an atlas of Istanbul, and 5,000 place names from a telephone area code directory of Turkey. Once duplicates were removed, the resulting list contained some 30,000 lexemes. These were elicited, in various morphological contexts, from a native speaker. The resulting database contains orthographic representations of these 30,000 headwords as well as phonemic transcriptions of all elicited forms. The native speaker knew, and supplied pronunciations for, some 17,500 of the elicited lexemes. In addition, TELL supplies morphological roots for approximately 17,000 lexical items; etymologies are supplied for around 11,000."

Turkcekent "There must be about 2 000 000 pages using the Turkish Language on the Internet. This page presents a selection of Turkish Language sites that may be useful for Turkish Language Learning. In this way we want to create a kind of virtual town ("kent") where students and teachers of Turkish can study, work, dream and enjoy themselves."

Google.com Search - Preset for Turkish The Google search engine has been preset for you to search the Internet using the Turkish language. Also ideal for target language lexical and contextual searches and other language-oriented uses. Requires Turkish fonts.

Online Dictionaries

YourDictionary.com - Turkish Large dictionary portal offers general and specialized online dictionaries

Turkish-English-Turkish Online Dictionary By Zargan Glossaries, this dictionary has a data base of more than 400,000 words. Very strong in business language.

Turkish-English-Turkish Dictionary From Lang-to-Lang.com, a solid and fast online dictionary.

Online Media and News

Kidon Media-Link: Turkey Links to online newspapers, magazines, TV and radio stations from this giant news portal.

OnlineNewspapers.com - Turkey Good selection of national newspapers - with some regional.

Turkish Media.com Available in English and Turkish versions, webpage provides links not only to media but to numerous cultural and social sites.

Voice of America - Turkish Voice of America news broadcasting in target language.

BBC - Turkish BBC news broadcasts in Turkish.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty - Turkish News Service Latest news reports in English and Turkish.

Yahoo! News - Turkey Latest news in English from a variety of news sources.

SCOLA - Global Foreign Language Portal SCOLA ia a leader in foreign language television news broadcasts. Schedule of broadcasts, insta-classes in some languages, and other useful information.

History and Culture

WWW Virtual Library - History of Turkey Large index to sites related to Turkey and Turkish history.

Timeline of Turkish History Detailed timeline with numerous hyperlinks to important events, personalities and places.

History of Turkey Excellent encyclopedia article with addition links to important periods and personalities.

Turkish Odyssey Very rich website focusing on Turkish geography, history, population and culture.

The Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History The Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History is dedicated to graduate studies in nineteenth and twentieth century Turkish history and the interconnected emergence, evolution and current aspects of the modern Republic as well as of the neighboring areas, with particular emphasis on the Turkish connections of Balkan, Middle Eastern, East European and Turkic Inner Asian developments.

Government and Politics

Governments on the WWW - Turkey Includes links to National Institutions and Government sites including President and most Ministries; Embassies in foreign countries, Political Parties, etc.

Political Resources on the Net - Turkey Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.

Foreign and International Law - Turkey From the Washburn University School of Law Library, links to country sites for Constitutional Law, Government and Politics, Law and Legislation, Legislative Bodies, etc.

Country Studies

Turkey - A Country Study Exceptionally detailed presentation from the Library of Congress. Includes sections on: Geography, Society, Economy, Government and Politics, Very Detailed History and Historical Development, Contemporary Trends, etc.

CIA World Factbook - Turkey Good resource site for information on Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications, Transportation, Military, and Transnational Issues.

BBC News Country Profiles - Turkey Full profiles provide an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of countries; also biographic sketches of leaders, essay on media, and historic timelines. They also include audio and video clips from the BBC archives.

Country Analyses

U.S. Department of State Background Notes - Turkey Background Notes are updated/revised as they are received from regional bureaus and are added to the database of the Department of State web site. Categories include: Geography, People, History, Government, Political Conditions, Economy, Defense, Foreign Relations, U.S. Relations, and Travel/Business.

International Monetary Fund - Turkey Latest developments in Peace and Security, Economic Development, Humanitarian Aid/Refugees, Environment/Shelter, Human Rights, Women/Children/Population, Health/Poverty/Food Security, Culture/Education.

The World Trade Organization "The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business." Includes detailed information on

Members and Observers - Turkey (Member)

Energy Information Administration Country Analysis Briefs - Turkey "The Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by Congress in 1977, the a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. We provide policy-independent data, forecasts, and analysis to promote sound policy making efficient markets and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and environment."

World Health Organization - Turkey About WHO" "The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialized agency for health, was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - Turkey The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is the world's largest humanitarian organisation, with 178 member National Societies.

Amnesty International - Turkey Amnesty International is a champion defender of human rights worldwide. Familiarity with a given country's human rights issues can provide a unique insight into many other aspects of its culture and politics.

International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights The International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights is a self-governing group of non-governmental, not-for-profit organizations that act to protect human rights throughout Europe, North America, and the Central Asian republics formed from the territories of the former Soviet Union. A primary specific goal is to monitor compliance with the human rights provisions of the Helsinki Final Act and its Follow-up Documents.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - SFOR Turkey The NATO homepage is an excellent resource for information on member and affiliate nations and their policies and activities in the world at large.

Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Destinations - Turkey The people at the offbeat Lonely Planet website are not your typical travel guides -- they're very bright and know what they're talking about. Their goal is not to "sell the country" to travelers. Instead, they tell it how it is. Typical headings include: "Warnings" (in case travel is not recommended - the "why's"); Facts for the Traveler, When to Go, Events, Money and Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities, History, Culture, Environment, Getting There and Away, Getting Around, and Further Reading and Related Weblinks.

Discover Turkey The hotlink to "Greek Government Sponsors International Terrorism" aside, this website, which is produced by Turkish News, provides many links to language and culture sites. There are history and media links as well, including a recording of the Turkish National Anthem.

Yahoo Travel Guide - Turkey Includes links to history, basics, transportation, dining, shopping and climate.

Professional Organizations and Library Consortia

National Middle East Language Resource Center NMELRC at Brigham Young University, "seeks to coordinate efforts aimed at increasing and improving opportunities for learning the languages of the Middle East. The center undertakes and supports projects in areas such as teacher training, materials development, testing and assessment, integration of pedagogy and technology, study abroad, and K-12 programs. It works across Middle East languages to foster cooperation and joint utilization of expertise and resources."

American Association of Teachers of Turkic Languages (AATT) AATT, "founded in 1985 as the American Association of Teachers of Turkish, is a private, non-profit, non-political organization of individuals interested in the languages of the Turks. In 1993, the members voted to expand and include all languages of the Turks. The objective of the Association is to advance and improve the teaching of the languages of the Turks; to promote study, criticism, and research in the field of the languages and literatures of the Turks; and to further the common interests of teachers of these subjects." Assembly of Turkish-American Associations A very informative website with current affairs and links to some 54 component organizations throughout the U.S., Canada, and Turkey. From About: "The founding principle of ATAA was the need to create cohesion and cooperation between the large numbers of social-cultural Turkish American organizations around the US. The Assembly’s main goal is to be a link between all communities, large or small, and pursue their interests in Washington and beyond."

Balkan Library Network Links to libraries throughout Balkans.

International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX) IREX is the premier US nonprofit organization specializing in higher education, independent media, Internet development, and civil society programs in the United States, Europe, Eurasia, the Near East, and Asia.

Universities and Centers of Study

Turkish Colleges and Universities Large list of links to major institutions of higher learning.

EuroEducation.net - Turkey Description of Turkish education system, K-12 and universities.