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Search Engine Colossus - Turkey Links to primary Turkish language search engines and gateways.

WWW Virtual Library - Turkey From the Middle East and Jewish Studies Center at Columbia University, a part of the WWW Virtual Library system, this website provides numerous links to language and country related sites.

Turkarama Large Turkish language portal linking to variety of sites.

Google.com Search - Preset for Turkish The Google search engine has been preset for you to search the Internet using the Turkish language. Also ideal for target language lexical and contextual searches and other language-oriented uses. Requires Turkish fonts. (Also included in Language Materials links below.)

Language Materials

Turkish Writing System Basic introduction to Turkish alphabet with collections of links to audio files and language related websites.

I Love Languages.com - Turkish An extensive collection of links to language and cultural websites.

Ankara University - Tomar Language Center "Ankara University TOMER was founded in 1984 to teach Turkish to foreigners and Turks living abroad. It took cultural centers such as The British Council, The Goethe Institute, Cervantes and Française as examples. Its objective is to teach Turkish and foreign languages in and out of Turkey in order to promote the Turkish language and the culture in the world, to prepare programmes and to develop methods on teaching Turkish as a mother tongue and to establish co-operation with foundations in and out of Turkey." 

Turkish Electronic Living Lexicon Project by Linguistics Department at the University of California, Berkeley, "TELL is a database of 30,000 Turkish words representing both print dictionaries and actual speaker knowledge. TELL was constructed from a master list composed of the following: 17,000 headwords from the 2d edition of the Oxford Turkish-English dictionary, 20,000 headwords from the 3d edition of the Oxford Turkish English-dictionary, 175 place names from an atlas of Istanbul, and 5,000 place names from a telephone area code directory of Turkey. Once duplicates were removed, the resulting list contained some 30,000 lexemes. These were elicited, in various morphological contexts, from a native speaker. The resulting database contains orthographic representations of these 30,000 headwords as well as phonemic transcriptions of all elicited forms. The native speaker knew, and supplied pronunciations for, some 17,500 of the elicited lexemes. In addition, TELL supplies morphological roots for approximately 17,000 lexical items; etymologies are supplied for around 11,000."

Turkcekent "There must be about 2 000 000 pages using the Turkish Language on the Internet. This page presents a selection of Turkish Language sites that may be useful for Turkish Language Learning. In this way we want to create a kind of virtual town ("kent") where students and teachers of Turkish can study, work, dream and enjoy themselves." 

Google.com Search - Preset for Turkish The Google search engine has been preset for you to search the Internet using the Turkish language. Also ideal for target language lexical and contextual searches and other language-oriented uses. Requires Turkish fonts.

Online Dictionaries

YourDictionary.com - Turkish Large dictionary portal offers general and specialized online dictionaries

Turkish-English-Turkish Dictionary From Lang-to-Lang.com, a solid and fast online dictionary.

Online Media and News

OnlineNewspapers.com - Turkey Good selection of national newspapers - with some regional.

Turkish Media.com Available in English and Turkish versions, webpage provides links not only to media but to numerous cultural and social sites.

Voice of America - Turkish Voice of America news broadcasting in target language.

BBC - Turkish BBC news broadcasts in Turkish.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty - Turkish News Service Latest news reports in English and Turkish.

Yahoo! News - Turkey Latest news in English from a variety of news sources.

SCOLA - Global Foreign Language Portal SCOLA ia a leader in foreign language television news broadcasts. Schedule of broadcasts, insta-classes in some languages, and other useful information.

History and Culture

WWW Virtual Library - History of Turkey Large index to sites related to Turkey and Turkish history.

History of Turkey Excellent encyclopedia article with addition links to important periods and personalities.

The Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History The Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History is dedicated to graduate studies in nineteenth and twentieth century Turkish history and the interconnected emergence, evolution and current aspects of the modern Republic as well as of the neighboring areas, with particular emphasis on the Turkish connections of Balkan, Middle Eastern, East European and Turkic Inner Asian developments.

Government and Politics

Governments on the WWW - Turkey Includes links to National Institutions and Government sites including President and most Ministries; Embassies in foreign countries, Political Parties, etc.

Political Resources on the Net - Turkey Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.

Country Studies

Turkey - A Country Study Exceptionally detailed presentation from the Library of Congress. Includes sections on: Geography, Society, Economy, Government and Politics, Very Detailed History and Historical Development, Contemporary Trends, etc.

BBC News Country Profiles - Turkey Full profiles provide an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of countries; also biographic sketches of leaders, essay on media, and historic timelines. They also include audio and video clips from the BBC archives.

Country Analyses

U.S. Department of State Background Notes - Turkey Background Notes are updated/revised as they are received from regional bureaus and are added to the database of the Department of State web site. Categories include: Geography, People, History, Government, Political Conditions, Economy, Defense, Foreign Relations, U.S. Relations, and Travel/Business.

International Monetary Fund - Turkey Latest developments in Peace and Security, Economic Development, Humanitarian Aid/Refugees, Environment/Shelter, Human Rights, Women/Children/Population, Health/Poverty/Food Security, Culture/Education.

The World Trade Organization "The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business." Includes detailed information on 

Members and Observers - Turkey (Member)

Energy Information Administration Country Analysis Briefs - Turkey "The Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by Congress in 1977, the a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. We provide policy-independent data, forecasts, and analysis to promote sound policy making efficient markets and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and environment."

Amnesty International - Turkey Amnesty International is a champion defender of human rights worldwide. Familiarity with a given country's human rights issues can provide a unique insight into many other aspects of its culture and politics.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - SFOR Turkey The NATO homepage is an excellent resource for information on member and affiliate nations and their policies and activities in the world at large.

Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Destinations - Turkey The people at the offbeat Lonely Planet website are not your typical travel guides -- they're very bright and know what they're talking about. Their goal is not to "sell the country" to travelers. Instead, they tell it how it is. Typical headings include: "Warnings" (in case travel is not recommended - the "why's"); Facts for the Traveler, When to Go, Events, Money and Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities, History, Culture, Environment, Getting There and Away, Getting Around, and Further Reading and Related Weblinks.

Discover Turkey The hotlink to "Greek Government Sponsors International Terrorism" aside, this website, which is produced by Turkish News, provides many links to language and culture sites. There are history and media links as well, including a recording of the Turkish National Anthem.

Yahoo Travel Guide - Turkey Includes links to history, basics, transportation, dining, shopping and climate.

Professional Organizations and Library Consortia

International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX) IREX is the premier US nonprofit organization specializing in higher education, independent media, Internet development, and civil society programs in the United States, Europe, Eurasia, the Near East, and Asia.

Universities and Centers of Study

EuroEducation.net - Turkey Description of Turkish education system, K-12 and universities.